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Review of literature in research report - Your First Literature Review- Write a Literature Review- Research Guides at Virginia Commonwealth University

Were the results effectively interpreted and reported? It s a major part of writing a research paper and carries over to tasks like creating evidence-based documents. Author Yoon Sik Kim 3 months ago from Republic of Oklahoma Thank you for your thoughtful comments and visit! Author Yoon Sik Kim 2 years ago from Republic of Oklahoma Thank you all for your thoughtful and positive comments. Kim wow, such a good, clear and simple explanation.

Conclusion Thought as the first important brick for building a solid base for a good research later, the literature review needs to be conducted by researcher in a very careful and deliberate manner before starting the primary research.


Methodology were the techniques used to identify, gather, and analyze the data appropriate to addressing the research problem? A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.


Group research studies other types of literature reviews, theoretical articles, case studies according tocommon denominators such as qualitative approaches, conclusions of authors, or objectives, chronology, so on. Then compare them to each other to find out the patterns and differences.


When starting from scratch, reviewing the literature can require a titanic amount of work. Feelingsafe the psychosocial needs of ICU patients. Don t take my word for it, but being a scientist is about being a skeptic, says Tim van der Zee in this post. The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with developments and to identify the likely directions for future research. Fill in the holes in your source map 9 Link these holes with your sources to see whether your existing sources can cover all holes. Your analysis can make across a majority of studies, but should also note across studies and over time.

It is generally helpful to draw a conceptual scheme of the review, e. In a stand-alone literature review, this statement will sum up and evaluate the state of the art in this? A review article or review of the literature article considers the state and progress of current literature on a given topic or problem by organizing, integrating, and evaluating previously published books and articles. The unit of analysis can focus on a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework. It not only surveys what research has been done in the past on your topic, but it also appraises, encapsulates, compares and contrasts, and correlates various scholarly books, research articles, and other relevant sources that are directly related to your current research.

At this point consider Does your study extend current research? The critical evaluation of each work should consider Provenance what are the author s credentials? You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map such as using You can create the table using the table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste import the the Excel sheet into Word once you have completed the table in Excel.

It is a quick, easy read that will help you find your footing as you begin! The same citations are showing up in a variety of databases. There are three stages at which a review of the literature is needed an early review is needed to establish the context and rationale for your study and to confirm your choice of research focus question as the study period gets longer, you need to make sure that you keep in touch with current, relevant research in your field, which is published during the period of your research as you prepare your final report or thesis, you need to relate your findings to the findings of others, and to identify their implications for theory, practice, and research. Therefore, it will discuss only that research which leads directly to your own project.

But if you are going to be writing a longer review or you d like to explore a more general area of interest, choose a topic that is wide enough so that you will be able to find enough articles to discuss. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out.


In addition, the authors referred wide enough and good quality resources for this review.


Normally, a newcomer likely makes a mistake to list papers and researchers in each paragraph when she he first write a literature review. This very short statement contains some key concepts, which are examined in the table below. Erren TC, Cullen P, Erren M 2009 How to surf today s information tsunami on the craft of effective reading. The Literature Review A Step-by-Step Guide for Students.

Read the Selected Articles Thoroughly and Evaluate Them What assumptions do most some researchers seem to be making? Pautasso M, D ring TF, Garbelotto M, Pellis L, Jeger MJ 2012 Impacts of climate change on plant diseases- opinions and trends. In a stand-alone literature review, this statement will sum up and evaluate the state of the art in this? Scholars must say something new while connecting what they say to what has already been said.

Step 3 Identify the literature that you will review Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with this, identifying relevant databases in your field of study.


Referring original source The reviewer should focus on citing the material thatoriginates with each reference. Nd that your paper presented a clear position, logically developed, from beginning to end? These are tips to help you choose the right tense when referring to other studies, and not rules. Funding Statement This work was funded by the French Foundation for Research on Biodiversity FRB through its Centre for Synthesis and Analysis of Biodiversity data CESAB, as part of the NETSEED research project.


Resources UMD library resources and links includes links to Links to step-by-step directions on how to important to Refworks from different databases Writing guidelines A user-friendly writing lab that parallels with the 5th edition APA manual.


It is important to keep the focus on your study, rather than on the literature Wellington 2005.

Rule 8 Make Use of Feedback Reviews of the literature are normally peer-reviewed in the same way as research papers, and rightly so.


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Here again, if the same authors are being cited again and again, this may indicate no new literature has been written on the topic. This has significant implications regarding the validity and comparability of results obtained in different studies, e.


Should I provide subheadings and other background information, such as definitions and or a history? Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic. Research Paper Writing How to Review Literature- Blog Academic writing help from professional authors.


Some schools advocate a market orientation MO Jaworski and Kohli, 1993 Slater and Narver, 1994 Webster, 1992, 1994, while others focus on first mover innovations Kerin et al. This implies that literature reviewers would do well to keep an eye on electronic lists of papers in press, given that it can take months before these appear in scientific databases. Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory.


Look at sources the authors cite to in their work. In most disciplines, the aim is for the reader to reach the end of the literature review with a clear appreciation of what you are doing why you are doing it and how it fits in with other research in your field. As you review the references, remember to be a critical reader see Study Guide. Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Review the Literature Using keywords, search a computer database.

This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews.


I recommend you that Expertoption has a customer support also. A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. With reviews, the usual subdivision of research papers into introduction, methods, results, and discussion does not work or is rarely used. Writing Your Literature Review Once you ve settled on how to organize your literature review, you re ready to write each section. When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a good idea they will want to be persuaded that it is relevant and that it was worth doing. Are you referring to a section Introduction or Discussion in your paper where you are talking about previously published work on the same a similar topic?


Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author s information or opinions accurately and in your own words.

Adapted with permission and thanks from originally created by Kenneth Lyons, McHenry Library, University of California, Santa Cruz. Malden, MA Blackwell Publishers, 2006 Torracro, Richard.

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