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Cochrane review literature search - Finding the Evidence Literature Searching Tools in Support of Systematic Reviews

GreyNet is an organization dedicated to promoting and facilitating the use of grey literature. A systematic review answers a defined research question by collecting and summarizing all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria. The literature search results are sifted by two separate systematic reviewers. Step 2 identify relevant new methods, studies, and other information Are there any new relevant methods? The number of databases queried for each review ranged between three and seven.

JAMA 295 1801 1808, 2006 Barrett BJ, Parfrey PS Clinical practice Preventing nephropathy induced by contrast medium. Meanwhile, it has been emphasized that PubMed including MEDLINE and Pre-MEDLINE alone cannot be enough for literature searches.

A systematic review also adheres to a specific methodology and often includes meta-analyses, wherein the collected data is combined using statistical methods. Although there are many potential reasons for this, one cannot exclude the possibility that some search strategies missed eligible trials.

Thus often, relative recall is estimated by firstly defining a pool of relevant records the included studies in a SR and then determines what proportion of this pool the literature search retrieves. Recording database searches for systematic reviews what is the value of adding a narrative to peer-review checklists? Major producers of systematic reviews The is a global independent network of health practitioners, researchers, and patient advocates producing systematic reviews of primary research in human health care and health policy. don t restrict your question to a specific patient group or a specific intervention. All will supply articles within copyright law and some will loan documents.

New information can also include fresh follow-up data on existing included studies, or information on how the studies were carried out. Where and how to search for information on the effectiveness of public health interventionsa case study for prevention of cardiovascular disease. With the growth of renal clinical studies, an increasing number of these types of summary publications will certainly become available to nephrologists, researchers, and policy makers who seek to keep abreast of recent developments. Based on results from earlier studies and the results from the present study, recommendation for an optimal systematic literature search to locate RCTs within the area may be to use the three generic databases MEDLINE EMBASE and CENTRAL, and an additional two or more other databases. Narrative literature review articles are publications that describe and discuss the state of the science of a specific topic or theme from a theoretical and contextual point of view.

The review used as the example in this article was published as a Cochrane Review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 9. However, if there are a substantial proportion of trials that do not report an outcome, this will reduce our confidence in the results for this outcome.

The children were randomised to either pMDI and spacer or nebuliser, whereas the adults were treated with both devices and were randomised to receive salbutamol through one and a placebo through the other.

As a general guide you should also choose the databases most relevant to the subject area of your systematic review e.

8 Timing of searches Searches should be prioritised according to the clinical and economic evidence required for each GDG meeting. The use and limitations of the method to the area thus clearly limits the general conclusion from this study. Scoping reviews can inform a systematic review, particularly one with a very broad topic scope, such as those edited by the Cochrane Public Health Group. The PUGs guidance can help individuals or academic teams working outside of a commissioning agency or Cochrane, who are considering writing a systematic review for a journal or to prepare for a research project. It covers scholarly literature in the psychological, social, behavioural, and health sciences. Many journals, for example, and, and require a PRISMA flow diagram when publishing systematic reviews., Heart Failure and terms heart failure OR congestive heart failure OR CHF. This should be done through the Centre for Clinical Practice at NICE. Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions version 5. Useful workbooks and guides for your subject s databases These guides will guide you toward key databases for your subject and help you create effective search strategies. For more about systematic reviews in general, see the section below. Run searches with and without certain search terms and assess the differences between the results obtained.

Use our Himmelfarb Library to identify other subject specific databases.

The most useful search filters for clinical guideline work are likely to be those for identifying specific study designs such as RCTs or economic evaluations.

- Limit search results to conference papers or proceedings under Advanced Search.

However, when doing a high quality search two main questions arise which databases is necessary to searched, and how many? Finally, the studies examined each search function separately whilst differences in retrieval were found across interfaces, it is unclear whether these differences would exist, when search functions are brought together into a strategy, as in the real world.

Heterogeneity in search strategies among Cochrane acupuncture reviews is there room for improvement? The current complete version of the Handbook is 5. two-three references out of a hundred will be relevant. Due to the complex task of literature searching, the Trial Search Coordinator TSC in the Cochrane groups is often a librarian or documentalist 6. Otherwise the systematic review can remain without any professional attribution in this important section.

A new statistic that is frequently being reported in meta-analysis these days is something called the I 2 statistic. Their work in research synthesis and research use is across many areas of social policy including education, health, social care, developing economies, sport, environment, and crime.

Chapter 5 of Cannon Boswell, 2011 covers the purpose and process of a literature review in the context of writing a research article, thesis, or dissertation.

Transcutaneous for osteoarthritis of the knee.

Records can be exported from bibliographic databases such as MEDLINE and imported automatically into the software using import filters. A British Library account also allows users to pay for articles from other libraries that accept payment in this way.

Where there is no option to explode MeSH headings, the top-level heading and all narrower terms need to be entered on separate lines suffixed by. In PRISMA, two items concern the literature search Item 7 Information sources Describe all information sources e.

If the question is current and clearly defined, the systematic review needs to have used valid methods and be well conducted. Ann Emerg Med 38 518 526, 2001 Sacks HS, Reitman D, Pagano D, Kupelnick B Meta-analysis An update.

We also need to ask whether or not it makes clinical sense to calculate an average treatment effect for outcomes across this group of trials. However, the word update is now in common parlance and changing the term, the panel judged, could cause confusion. Search those conference proceedings on the organization s website or by contacting organizational boards for access to past proceedings that may not be online. 2012, Prophylactic antibiotics to prevent surgical site infection after breast cancer surgery 12.

Health care professionals must still interpret the findings cautiously. Sampson M, McGowan J, Lefebvre C, Moher D, Grimshaw J. search Embase and Medline as separate databases even though they are both on the OvidSP platform. A systematic review is considered a high form of evidence. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality AHRQ, the U. The is a bimonthly publication of alerting readers to new grey literature publications in health services research and selected public health topics.

Accessed March 3, 2007 Blettner M, Sauerbrei W, Schlehofer B, Scheuchenpflug T, Friedenreich C Traditional reviews, meta-analyses and pooled analyses in epidemiology. Availability of renal literature in six bibliographic databases. PEDRO for CINAHL for nursing allied health or PsycInfo for psychiatry psychology type questions. More and more papers are published in medical journals every day, so how do you decide which ones to read and, having read a paper, how do you decide whether to change your practice as a result of what you have read?

JBI reviews are published in the subscription journal is part of the Social Science Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London. This is in addition to general access options, including national licenses and subscriptions. 5 Reference management software Electronic records of the references retrieved by searches should be stored using reference management software such as EndNote, Reference Manager or ProCite. The European Union Clinical Trials Register allows you to search for protocol and results information on interventional clinical trials that are conducted in the European Union EU and the European Economic Area EEA and clinical trials conducted outside the EU EEA that are linked to European development. You have to realize its not just effort of the authors you have to take into account the effort of the editors, peer reviewers, publishers etc.

Search by company or industry, public health topics from a marketing point of view Indexing, abstracts, and in many cases the full text of articles for the most important scholarly business journals as well as popular and trade magazines and newsletters.

BMJ 322 1479 1480, 2001 Lyman GH, Kuderer NM The strengths and limitations of meta-analyses based on aggregate data.

User testing and stakeholder feedback contributed to the development of understandable and useful Summary of Findings tables for Cochrane reviews.

Tags: #search, #cochrane review search

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