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How to write scientific review papers - Science Thesis Writing Review Paper

At the end of the day, someone has to write the article and that someone is going to be you. So if you have not fully understood something in the paper, do not hesitate to ask for clarification. The topic must at least be interesting to you ideally, you should have come across a series of recent papers related to your line of work that call for a critical summary, an important aspect of the field so that many readers will be interested in the review and there will be enough material to write it, and a well-defined issue otherwise you could potentially include thousands of publications, which would make the review unhelpful.

Rule 2 Search and Re-search the Literature After having chosen your topic and audience, start by checking the literature and downloading relevant papers., objective, methods, results, and conclusions The length of the abstract should be between 200 and 250 words No citations included within the abstract Acronyms and abbreviations should be included only if used more than once Introduction Background information on the topic should be discussed Introduction must address the objective research question Text should be written in present tense Materials and Methods Should be written in past tense Should provide information necessary to repeat the review Search strategies, inclusion and exclusion criteria, data sources and geographical information, of study subjects, and statistical analyses used should be included Results Authors must include all the results Their relevance to the objective should be mentioned Results must include heterogeneity of the study groups or samples Statistical significance should be mentioned Discussion Background information and objective can be reiterated Results and their relevance clearly and concisely discussed Conclusions This section should discuss the objective discussed in the introduction This section should discuss the implications of the findings, and identify unresolved questions Study Limitations An assessment of whether the studies were adequate to reach a conclusion that can be applied to a much larger group, stating reasons Suggestions for future studies should be provided Authors may thank the people or institutions who have supported the work References Only those references cited in the text should be listed 50 to 100 references are allowed Internet sources are usually not allowed Subscribe to Enago Academy Get instant access to the latest updates in academic publishing Email Address Submit Free Resources Research tips and publishing insights.

A mistake to avoid here is opening the Results section with a description of the sample and the analyses that are more relevant to the Methods, such as the validity of your measures. Transparency in reporting of research is essential for providing enough information about how the work was performed to allow others to replicate it. 2,4,5,7 Thus, an accurate list of keywords will ensure correct indexing and help showcase your research to interested groups.

Here are some additional tips for the introduction Never use more words than necessary be concise and to-the-point.

Choose the topic and outline the organization of the review. The paper should read as a narrative in which the author describes what was done and what results were obtained from that work., don t apologize, don t promise to avoid these mistakes in the future, don t offer excuses, for this creates the impression of servility.- Chambers It is necessary to maintain decorum One should review the paper justly and entirely on its merit, even if it comes from a competing research group. I wrote a manuscript to submit it to a journal and I cannot let my supervisor know about it because he doesn t show any interest in it. The striking agreement between changes in microtubule orientation observed at the outer epidermal wall during tropic bending and during induction or straight growth by external auxin strongly indicates that auxin is, in fact, functionally involved in mediating asymmetric growth leading to organ curvature. An easy way to write the abstract is to extract the most important points from each section of the paper and then use those points to construct a brief description of your study. As shown in Table 1, the growth of roots treated with 10 mM Ca2 was approximately 30 greater than the controls for a 3.

Cells were cultured on a MY slant at 30oC for 48 h, transferred to MY broth and cultures at 30oC overnight. What Goes into Each Section Section of the paper What it should contain Introduction Background Make it brief 1 5 of the paper s total length., the results are relevant to management or policy, have the authors proposed relevant and reasonable based on their results? 5 We describe a series of experiments on each of the five major types of widget, and show that in each case, googa-glomping runs faster than competing techniques, and produces glomped widgets that are perfect for squiffling. Washington, DC American Psychological Association. For example, if the purpose of your research was to measure the impact of foreign aid on increasing access to education among the poor in Bangladesh, it would not be appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim or if analysis of other countries was not a part of your original research design. The environmental factors that were manipulated light, temperature.

As a general rule, most journals ask that a specific font and size be used e. Major revision if the paper would benefit from substantial changes such as expanded data analysis, widening of the literature review, or rewriting sections of the text. span span br style font-family font-size 14px p p style text-align justify span style font-family span style font-size 14px Here are some steps with examples you can follow to write an effective title span span p p style text-align justify span style font-family span style font-size 14px 1.


When I am doing a peer review, I sometimes do it all in one sitting which will take me about two hours or I read it one day and write it the next.


How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 6thEdition.


International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. span span li li style border 0px vertical-align baseline margin 0px 0px 10px 20px padding 0px font-family inherit font-size inherit font-style inherit font-variant inherit line-height inherit outside text-align justify span style font-size 14px span style font-family Ensure that the paragraph is written in the past tense sup 1,7,17 sup and check that the information flows well, preferably in the following order purpose, basic study design techniques used, major findings, conclusions, and implications.

The soundness of the entire peer-review process depends on the quality of the reviews that we write.

This discussion could be enlarged to explain The authors could strengthen the paper by The paper would be significantly improved with the addition of more details about The abstract is very lengthy and goes into detailed accounts that are best suited for the article s main discussion sections.


Biases in the Interpretation and Use of Research Results. Designing and Writing a Scientific Literature Review Writing a scientific review implies both researching for relevant academic content and writing, however, writing without having a clear objective is a common mistake. They tend to be about half the length and number of citations as full reviews due to their narrower scope.

If you have never used reference managers, ask someone in your lab to help you for the first time.


If you are asked to write an annotated bibliography, you should consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Ass ociation for the APA Format for Annotated How to write and publish papers in the medical sciences.


You might also find the following articles helpful 1. Read on to know why he thinks scientists should be skeptical of what they read and the.

Log in using your Editage account Editage helps authors get published by providing English editing, proofreading, and research publication support services. Y ou are going to read a body of information and provide a new outlook on a topic.

15 Issue 02 Mack How to Write a Good Scientific Paper Review Articles For a regular contribution to a peer-reviewed scientific journal, a paper must meet four criteria before it is publishable The content of the paper must match the scope of the journal The quality of the paper method and execution of the research, as well as the writing must be sufficiently high It must present novel results with the exception of review papers and the like The results must be significant enough to be worth reading about and thus worth publishing An exception is made for the third requirement, novelty, for an important category of papers the review article. Literature Cited Although you are not conducting an experiment in the ph ysical sense, you should consider your paper a thought exp eriment.

Read on to know why he thinks scientists should be skeptical of what they read and the.


Depending on how much time I have, I sometimes also end with a section of minor comments. span span br p p style border 0px vertical-align baseline margin 0px 0px 0px 20px padding 3px font-family inherit font-size inherit font-style inherit font-variant inherit line-height inherit decimal span style font-size 14px span style font-family 14. Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported? Having a mentor to help evaluate ideas and provide background information is extremely useful.

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