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Writing an essay with citations - Introduction The perfect start to your essay

When you use an idea or where you quote from another source, you must acknowledge this use by giving the title of the work in question and a precise page reference, which may refer, as in the example below, to a page-range Th lot s discussion of the poem, on the other hand, stresses its paradoxical qualities see Baudelaire violence et po sie, pp. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates sign, others prefer the used of square brackets and sign Burke 2004 1774 or Burke 2004 1774. Balancing gender in higher education- a study of the experience of senior women in a new UK university.

Leave one space after all periods and punctuation marks.

Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references author, date in the body of your work. com, itg 0, ity jpg, oh 826, ou jpg, ow 638, pt How to write my paper

You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make. This means that every line after the first is indented moved a few spaces to the right. Because this makes it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use either footnotes or endnotes in your paper.

Chicago Author Date Style Documentation 2, also called the Author-Date style, requires the use of parenthetical references in the text of the essay as well as a list of References. Living With Diabetes Managing Your Health 2009 recommends regular exercise for patients with diabetes. You will have to look at each of the sources and the information that is given for each there may be some extra information you will need to omit from the references. as has been discussed elsewhere Burke 3 Dewey 21. If your original work contained citations from other sources, you will need to include those same citations in the new work as well, per APA. Note that in this example the parenthetical citation is placed before the comma that signals the end of the introductory phrase. If you re writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they ll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge. Example It sounds funny to say, The CIA World Factbook, an authority on world statistics, states that Mali is a landlocked country highly dependent on gold mining and agricultural exports for revenue CIA World Factbook. Italicize all foreign words unless they are particularly familar in English usage tempo, cello, symphony BUT tempi, celli, op ra comique And, tempo, tempos, but tempi libretto, librettos, but libretti crescendo, crescendos, but crescendi Also, allegro, andante, cantus firmus, recitative, Kappellmeister Beware of inventing your own terms there is NO such verb as to crescendo!

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Alternatively, there may be one overall best method amongst a group of very good methods, in which case you will need to highlight why one method is better than the others, and how this method can be implemented in the classroom.

3 Citing a Paraphrase Let s imagine we want to reference s general idea about citation as a way to establish credibility, but we don t need to include any of the technical details.

It is important to note that swimming cannot be considered a weight-bearing exercise, since the water supports and cushions the swimmer.

Is the observation in the last sentence Myers s or the author s?

What to Include in the References Section Generally, the information to include in your references section is The name s of the author s or institution that wrote the source The year of publication and, where applicable, the exact date of publication The full title of the source For books, the city of publication For articles or essays, the name of the periodical or book in which the article or essay appears For magazine and journal articles, the volume number, issue number, and pages where the article appears For sources on the web, the URL where the source is located Before you start compiling your own references and translating referencing information from possibly other styles into APA style, you need to be able to identify each piece of information in the reference. If you found the article in an academic journal, you have a different set of information to include. As a freshman in highschool, my biology teacher asked for me to write an essay in mLA format about evolution. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites and provide a page number if it is available.

Your instructor will be able to see if you have completed this entry by the end of the week but will not read all of the journals until week 11.

Plagiarism is a serious violation of academic standards and is punishable with a failing grade, possible expulsion from the institution, and may subject you to ostracism by your peers.

We know what to expect a discussion on how the opening lines of the text grab the reader and set up the rest of the work.

com, itg 0, ity jpg, oh 1840, ou com 736x e3 84 87 As long as you have included the essential information, you can use the option that works best for that particular sentence and source. Citing two articles by the same author Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children Too Soon 38, though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child s second and third year Hand-Eye Development 17.

For example Morrow 1998 argues that cats bring their owners dead squirrels out of spite p.

3 Schubert s Piano Sonata in B-flat Major Chopin s Waltz in C-sharp Minor d Movement titles are generally capitalized individual movements from larger works are placed within quotation marks Andante from Mozart s Symphony in G Minor Kyrie from Beethoven s Missa Solemnis On a rainy night from Beckwith s Lyrics of the T ang Dynasty e Names of pieces with specific titles should be italicized, IF it is a TRUE title i.


Provide as much specific information as possible to achieve that goal, and consult with your supervisor or professor as to what specific style he or she may prefer. Citing a book with a single author is usually

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Essay on the true art of playing keyboard instruments, trans.

Time-based media sources When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so 00 02 15-00 02 35.

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