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What is review of literature - Examples- Literature Reviews- LibGuides at CSU, Chico

With reviews, the usual subdivision of research papers into introduction, methods, results, and discussion does not work or is rarely used.

Five pieces of advice here keep track of the search items you use so that your search can be replicated, keep a list of papers whose pdfs you cannot access immediately so as to retrieve them later with alternative strategies, use a paper management system e. An omission will be more obvious within a table, where it would appear as a blank cell, than it would be within text. Paraphrasing will also ensure your review of literature is in your authorial voice. In a research study, how good are the basic components of the study design e. Human Ressource Development Review 8 March 2008 120-130 Sutton, Anthea. Maggio LA, Tannery NH, Kanter SL 2011 of literature search reporting in medical education reviews., Mendeley, Papers, Qiqqa, Sente, define early in the process some criteria for exclusion of irrelevant papers these criteria can then be described in the review to help define its scope, and do not just look for research papers in the area you wish to review, but also seek previous reviews. This will be valuable to persuade others to join you in supporting your thesis.


Select from one of the other courses available Discover 30 more articles on this topic Don t miss these related articles 1 2 3 4 5 Save this course for later Don t have time for it all now? Are the author s arguments supported by evidence e. For example, you could use a table to display the key differences between two or more possible theoretical perspectives possible methods sets of assumptions sample profiles possible explanations. Even when paraphrasing an author s work, you still must provide a citation to that work. Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study s significance and relating it to your own work. Any journals found there can be regarded as safe and credible.

Author Yoon Sik Kim 2 years ago from Republic of Oklahoma Thank you all for your thoughtful and positive comments.

To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself. Download the Dissertation Journey ebook to understand the challenges dissertation writers face and strategies for overcoming them. Can you deconstruct the flow of the argument to see whether or where it breaks down logically e. This is often the first big section or chapter of your work after the introduction. Consider how you reassemble your notes plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Doing Your Literature Review Traditional and Systematic Techniques.


The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with developments and to identify the likely directions for future research.


Carnwell R, Daly W 2001 Strategies for the construction of a critical review of the literature.

This is the most common form of review in the social sciences. Rudestam and Newton 1992 49 remind us that the aim is to Build an argument, not a library. The body of your literature review could take many forms What guests are agreeing, and which are arguing? Perhaps you are using a new or different research method which has not been available before, allowing you to collect the data more accurately or conduct an experiment that is more precise and exact thanks to many innovations of modern technology.

Some scientists may be overly enthusiastic about what they have published, and thus risk giving too much importance to their own findings in the review.


Important A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated bibliography. Thanks go to David Winchester for letting us copy a significant portion of this libguide from his guide. Review of Literature UW-Madison Writing Center Writer s Handbook Analysis Papers Grant Proposals Job Materials and Application Essays Proposals and Dissertations Research Papers Reviews Scientific Reports Writing for the Web Learn how to write a review of literature.


It may be a little extra work for them, but there will be even more work if they have to tear apart a review because it is built upon shaky evidence. What methods have they used to study the problem?


Many patrons who find this guide have experience with research. Requires either a generic appraisal instrument or separate appraisal processes with corresponding checklists. Check a few references, and see which texts are cited most often, or ask the librarians how to use the databases to check how often each article is cited. A good strategy is to begin by searching the for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses on specific issues. Ndings will lead to the research the writer proposes to undertake.


Explain this concept of superhero culture and the increase of produced films of this genre within the last five years.

Integrative Review Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated.

Children s attitudes toward superheroes as a potential indicator of their moral understanding. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased.

For systematic reviews, there is a trend towards including information about how the literature was searched database, keywords, time limits.

This tool represents a quick way to record your search findings as you perform computer-based research for articles. The fact that a researcher is undertaking the research program speaks for its importance, and an educated reader may well be insulted that they are not allowed to judge the importance for themselves.

Data evaluation determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. It looks for themes or constructs that lie in or across individual qualitative studies.

This is often the first big section or chapter of your work after the introduction.

Your literature review will help you to refine your research question.

It is important to keep the focus on your study, rather than on the literature Wellington 2005. Think about what interests you, and what is fertile ground for study.


Current state of knowledge and priorities for future investigation and research. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6 2, 103-114. Ways of finding relevant material Electronic sources Searching electronic databases is probably the quickest way to access a lot of material.

Using tables As well as using tables to display numerical data, tables can be useful within a literature review when you are comparing other kinds of material.

Define key terms look for differences in the way keys terms are defined note these differences. Determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of your topic.


Worth Do the author s conclusions add to the value of your own? For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting. However, this should be a last resort, as you don t want to demonstrate your ignorance too obviously!

You will also use the literature review to justify the value of doing research on your topic by showing what is already known, what is not yet known, and how it is relevant. This organizational structure presents an emphasis on ideas or themes. Critical race theory in education A review of past literature and a look to the future. It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries. It is important that your research fits logically within the existing research in your area, and you may have found an ideal study to link with and to extend in some way.


Are there any gaps in the literature that require further study? When you are doing a major project like a thesis or a dissertation, you are always expected to do a literature review.

How can you organize the flow of the main body of the review so that the reader will be drawn into and guided through it? If so, you may be able to link your own plans to fit with their suggestions can you take the investigation further by doing your own similar research in a different setting with a different sample over a different timescale with a different intervention etc.


Cook DA, West CP 2012 Conducting systematic reviews in medical education a stepwise approach.

Given the value-laden nature of some social science research e. First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish.

The body of your literature review could take many forms What guests are agreeing, and which are arguing? It is advisable then to reformulate such quotes with your own words in the final draft. Step 3 Analyse Interpret the Literature Developing our argument and critiquing the literature to ensure that it supports our thesis.

com is free provided that copyright is acknowledged and a reference or link is included to the page s where the information was found. Each department or school has assigned to it a specialist Information Librarian. Examples of a published literature review Literature reviews are often published as scholarly articles, books, and reports. Books can provide concise expert help with your Literature Review.

The beginning portion of your literature review would be similar to those dinner party guests who started the conversation by discussing foundational research and theories. What is missing from this summary is context and analysis.

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