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What are case studies in social research - Qualitative Methods

First, although the researcher may have some initial guiding questions or core concepts to ask about, there is no formal structured instrument or protocol.

Note that it is important to conduct a thorough literature review to ensure that your assumption about the need to reveal new insights or previously hidden problems is valid and

Collections Arts Sciences II Collection, JSTOR Essential Collection Close Overlay You have javascript disabled. The success of these initiatives has prompted the Ghanaian government to provide support and funding for this training to be rolled out nationally improving education quality for children across the country.

A case may offer you an opportunity to gather evidence that challenges prevailing assumptions about a research problem and provide a new set of applied to practice that have not been tested previously.


In terms of epistemology, STAKE argues that situation shapes activity, experience, and one s interpretation of the case.


ISBN Rodger Kessler Dale Stafford. A client inquired if itracks software was compliant with blind, deaf and paraplegic participants.


Still another is controlling for extraneous variables, such as room temperature or noise level, that may interfere with the results of the experiment. li ul ul li Multiple types of audience need multiple types written report Yin li ul ul li 1 st write-up MSc li ul ul li 2 nd write-up more journal focussed li ul ul li Design for audience readers of your proposed journal li ul ul li MSc important to know style formatting of your chosen journal li ul ul li Word limit, referencing styles, Structure abstract, introduction, methodology, findings from data, conclusions, further work. Anonymised ethical dilemmas arising from our research were introduced and discussed. Using selected examples from within the International Relations literature 1, this paper aims to provide a brief overview of the main principles and distinctive advantages and limitations of single case study analysis. Since reconstructing case history is based on memory, this can lead to errors. Last Updated Oct 9, 2017 2 00 PM URL Profile Login Sign into your Profile to find your Reading Lists and Saved Searches Other Login Options OpenAthens Shibboleth Don t have access? The versatility of case study research to accommodate the researcher s philosophical position presents a unique platform for a range of studies that can generate greater insights into areas of inquiry. The adoption of minimally invasive cardiac surgery for coronary artery bypass graft or valve replacement surgery in 16 US hospitals provides a third example. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. YIN himself describes his approach to case study as using a realist perspective p.


Of course, this also points to the very serious limitation, as hinted at with the case of India above, that poor case selection may alternatively lead to and or grievous of the relationship between variables or processes Bennett and Elman, 2006a 460-463. Case Study Method and Policy Analysis SpringerLink This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, learn more at You re seeing our new chapter page and we d like your opinion, Abstract Case studies are a good part of the backbone of policy analysis and research. You should try to aim towards analytical generalization in doing case studies and you should avoid thinking in such confusing terms as the sample of cases or the small sample size of cases, as if a single case study were like a single respondent in a survey or a single subject in an experiment.


Tailoring quality improvement interventions to identified barriers a multiple case analysis. To learn more, visit our Transferring credit to the school of your choice Not sure what college you want to attend yet?


, if you are studying patterns of homeless encampments of veterans in open spaces, why study Echo Park in Los Angeles rather than Griffith Park? From infancy she was strapped to a potty chair, and therefore never acquired the physicality needed for walking, running and jumping. 7 Corresponding with these developments, in the 1970 s, educational research embraced case study as a way to evaluate curriculum design and innovation MERRIAM, 2009 SIMONS, 2009 STAKE, 1995.

The role of the researcher in producing this knowledge is critical, and STAKE emphasizes the researcher s interpretive role as essential in the process. This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i.


By extension, it can therefore be incorporated by a range of contemporary mainstream IR theories. This is especially the case with subjects that cannot be physically or ethically recreated. The most important is to explain the presumed causal links in real-life events that are too complex for the survey or experimental strategies A second application is to describe an intervention and the real-life context in which it occurred.


, but you must state the method by which you determined that this place will illuminate new understandings about the research problem. Also, how one person perceived the past could be different for another person, and this can and does lead to errors. js RegisterSodDep ribbon, inplview script script type text javascript RegisterSod sp. For example, studying the case of an unforeseen incident, such as a fatal accident at a railroad crossing, can reveal hidden issues that could be applied to preventative measures that contribute to reducing the chance of accidents in the future.

If applicable, review any research that has examined the research problem using a different research design. Collaboration Case study Sociology and social policy combine forces to tackle UK poverty Drawing together leading Bristol academics from the fields of sociology and social policy, Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK 2011 is a 4., if you are studying patterns of homeless encampments of veterans in open spaces, why study Echo Park in Los Angeles rather than Griffith Park? This book includes exemplary case studies drawn from a wide variety of academic fields. For STAKE 2006, to understand the case requires experiencing the activity of the case as it occurs in its context and in its particular situation p.

The case study protocol is an important guide for keeping the case study focussed. For example, studies by Baker and Bate of healthcare organisations illustrate the challenges of creating, spreading and sustaining effective practice in organisations. By living and working as the experiment, Ehrenreich was able to show first-hand data regarding the issues surrounding poverty.

li ul ul li Weak made however sometimes inevitable li ul ul li Petite Stake li ul ul li Stake ethical side of case studies is mainly a privacy business li ul ul li Don t invite over exposure- falling cup of coffee story!


For example, in the case of studying the accident at the railroad crossing to evaluate where and what types of warning signals should be located, you failed to take into consideration speed limit signage as well as warning signals. The other main thing to remember during case studies is their flexibility. Literature Review The literature review for a case study research paper is generally structured the same as it is for any college-level research paper. For example, he would be outdoors in winter with minus-zero temperatures without a coat.


Whether or not single case studies are used in this fashion, they clearly have a great deal to offer. The book didn t end with any solutions, just suggestions for the reader and points for them to think about. Bounding the case is essential to focusing, framing, and managing data collection and analysis.

4-th edition, 2009 For the whole summary and donate a very small contribution for the summary, go to For the whole summary, for free click on Yin distinguishes the following activities when doing a case study research 1. Conclusion As Tim May 2011 226 notes, the goal for many proponents of case studies is to overcome dichotomies between generalizing and quantitative and qualitative, deductive and inductive techniques. Unlike a scientific report, there is no strict set of rules so the most important part is making sure that the study is focused and concise otherwise you will end up having to wade through a lot of irrelevant information. Many studies also require the authors to immerse themselves in the case.


At the same time, many people s first exposure to case studies occurred in the classroom, and teaching case studies have been a highly popular pedagogical format in many fields ranging from business education to science education. Real-world problems are embedded in complex systems, in specific institutions, and are viewed differently by different policy actors. Establishing the necessary new routines for minimally invasive cardiac surgery depended on staff perceptions of psychological safety the sense that interpersonal risks will not be punished, team stability and a collective learning process supported by leaders. In contrast how and why questions are more explanatory and likely to lead us to the use of case studies, histories and experiments as the preferred research methods.


Begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most important or surprising finding first, then systematically review each finding. Case study research typically generates large quantities of data, which makes analysis critical, but complex. Even today case histories are one of the main methods of investigation in and psychiatry. This renewed interest in qualitative methodology led to a revival in the use of case study in a number of disciplines ANTHONY JACK, 2009 GEORGE BENNETT, 2005 JOHANSSON, 2003 MERRIAM, 2009 STAKE, 1995. For instance, clinical science has produced both well-known case studies of individuals and also case studies of clinical practices.

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