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Writing a research article - How to Write a Research Paper with Sample Research Papers


Write an abstract Start with a couple of sentences Aim This paper explores. Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. If you must use a secondary source, however, you should cite it in the following way Snow as cited in Milgram, 1963 argued that, historically, the cause of most criminal acts. Although it may seem writing your introduction first may be more difficult to accomplish than starting with the meat of your paper. Does making a research paper require me to invent something new or it is just about gathering information?


A guide to writing and publishing in the social and behavioral sciences. Proofread You should aim to have your paper completed a few days before the deadline. Ask your mentor s permission before including his her name as co-author. Describe implications for paper writing theory Limitations 1 page We didn t actually conduct the study, so that s limiting The participants were random wahoos from the Internet Practical and Theoretical 2 pages We need more work on paper writing theory We need more brilliant blog articles on paper writing Conclusion 1 page Things are better now because of my paper This outline should be shared and worked on with any co-authors, although I recommend it be written initially by the primary author alone. Read more about his work on, and, and follow him on Twitter.

However, creating a picture or an argument should not be confused with data manipulation or falsification, which is a willful distortion of data and results. Although you won t go into the details of your study and hypotheses until the end of the intro, you should foreshadow your study a bit at the end of the first paragraph by stating your purpose briefly, to give your reader a schema for all the information you will present next. Show the precision of your estimates of outcomes with confidence limits. Step 1 Pick Your Topic The best scenario for writing a quick paper is when your professor allows you to pick your topic thesis statement.


It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing. PubMed MEDLINE and journal websites extract words from them to determine whether your article will be displayed to interested readers enabling accurate dissemination and leading to future citations.

These and many other questions buzz in your head and keep you stressed. Try to suggest feasible explanations and solutions. Some academic writers assume that the reader should follow the paper to find the answers about your methodology and your findings. The basics Having the structure of the paper in place is a good start.


However, the discussion should not be an in-depth review of the literature, but rather a discussion of the findings as they relate to published studies.


Approaches vary widely, however for our studies the following approach can produce an effective introduction. The conjunction and commonly serves to indicate that the writer s mind still functions even when no signs of the phenomenon are noticeable. Soto D, Funes MJ, Guzm n-Garc a A, Warbrick T, Rotshtein T, Humphreys GW. First, be sure your co-authors have had a chance to read and comment on the draft. Recommended from Pharmaceutical Press Previous Next Guidance for students or researchers undertaking a multi-centre research project in health services, medicines use and professional practice.

This is perhaps obvious when the paper reports on a well planned research project.

Whether you are submitting your article to Sportscience or to another journal, you should read my guidelines on scientific writing. Generally, only one main research question should be addressed in a paper secondary but related questions are allowed.

Don t try to manipulate the data to make it look like you did more than you actually did. Clear communication of the findings of research is essential to the growth and development of science and professional practice. This doesn t necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought about the work. One Yale University graduate student spent a semester writing from 8 a.

an online dictionary and encyclopedia all-in-one resource that you can install on your computer free of charge and find one-click answers quickly.


Such limitations can be presented in a favorable light if they can be justified or rationalized. Use the first person I, we rather than the passive voice. This positive feeling spills over into our work and life and has a very positive effect on our overall attitude.

For many readers, paragraphs with sentences all beginning with we may also sound disruptive. There is also very useful advice on Rachael Cayley s blog.

Too many abstracts expect the researcher to read the article to find out what happened. Each of those strategies represents a step in the revision process and should help the writer improve the quality of the manuscript. impact factors Do the editorial guidelines seem sympathetic to the work I do?

Don t reach or include too broad of a literature review. If you edit your own paper, wait at least three days before returning to it. One of the microstructure revision strategies frequently used during writing center consultations is to read the paper aloud. When you are forced to see only a small portion of your writing, you are less likely to get distracted and are more likely to notice problems.

Dividing a table or figure- confine each figure table to a single page Submitting a paper with pages out of order In all sections of your paper Use normal prose including articles a, the, etc. to further illustrate key findings, if appropriate. The purpose of the Discussion section is to place your findings in the research context and to explain the meaning of the findings and why they are important, without appearing arrogant, condescending, or patronizing.


Review the details of how the manuscript is to be formatted and submitted. An LSE colleague s article in an academic journal has been read and downloaded less than 100 times. Furthermore, cohesion and fluency are crucial in this section. There are three basic formats for peer-reviewed research articles Full-length research articles These articles contain a comprehensive investigation of the subject matter and are viewed as the standard format.


Another important factor figure and table legends must be Figure 2.


cut first Introduction paragraph and paste it to IA. Subscribe Share Subscribe to our Like us on Follow us on Founder You are free to copy, share and adapt any text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link reference to this page. Staring at an empty screen is frustrating, but your screen is not really empty You have a template of your article, and all you need to do is fill in the blanks. Of course, any changes should be done with caution and tact. In this way, do not attempt to hide data in the hope of saving it for a later paper.

You will have a publication, and this is the most important achievement.

However, this assumption is faulty because the purpose of the section is not to evaluate the importance of the research question in general. Writing Resources- How to Write an APA Style Research Paper- Hamilton College An APA-style paper includes the following sections title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references.

For an argumentative paper, you may decide to take it point by point, delivering an opposing point of view and then your counter argument.


Hillsdale, New Jersey Lawrence Erlbaum Hopkins WG 1998. In this contribution, 38 different applications including six new case studies hypoxia processes, sand extraction, oil platform impacts, engineering works, dredging and fish aquaculture are presented. Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following Discussing or interpreting your results.

, a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 strongly disagree to 5 strongly agree, how many items were whether the measure had subscales, and so forth. impact factors Do the editorial guidelines seem sympathetic to the work I do?


find 3 supporting arguments for each position you take. Following it step by step helps to avoid extensive re-writing, which is the worst nightmare of many a graduate student. The case for structuring the discussion of scientific papers. If you are writing with coauthors, you may wish to assign different aspects of the manuscript to different authors. This can also be woven into the above by way of making it interesting.

Discussion This section interprets the findings and discusses the impact that your research may have on the field of study. Some people see this as too mechanical for academic writing, but it is a way of forcing yourself to make decisions about content, sequence and proportion for your article.


Each move plays an important role in your paper and should be presented with deep thought and care.

Finally, many scientists suggest that you only start writing once you ve completed all of your analysis, and have created a series of key plots and tables that best support your research goal and objectives. Preparing to Write a Research Paper Usually, the purpose of a research paper is known before writing it.


The macrostructure revision includes the revision of the organization, content, and flow.

The three moves allow your readers to evaluate their interest in your paper and play a significant role in the paper review process, determining your paper reviewers.

A scientific experiment, no matter how spectacular the results, in not complete until the results are published. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. Sometimes the format or standard prohibits the authors from entering tables and figures directly into the text where you want your table., With these reasons for acceptance or rejection in mind, it is time to review basics and general writing tips to be used when performing manuscript preparation. The best way to approach the macrostructure revision is through the outline of the ideas in your paper.

Example don t refer to the smallest order statistic when you mean the minimum data value. com insights IMRaD structure a.


How to write a scientific paper and win the game scientists play!

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