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Writing summary of an article - Writing Tips Writers Workshop Writer Resources The Center for Writing Studies, Illinois

For many writers, there s always the possibility that they will need to use other sources in their work. Look for information that can be deduced from the introduction, conclusion and the title and headings.


A summary must be independent You are not being asked to imitate the author of the text you are writing about. Therefore, many benefits exist to teaching summarizing skills.

Today, however, there is addiction and seduction in pornography.


Here s how to proceed Read through the piece carefully, looking up any words you don t understand.


Chapter summaries are useful because they can help you recall a key event or character that you need to include in an essay or a book report.


For most works of literature, the information you will need to cite includes Author Creator or compiler of the information for web sites this may be the Webmaster or the owning organization. Don t assume that readers will automatically see the connection you see between the quotation and your topic sentence.

Use Our Online Summarizer for Your Article Our article summarize online is a great tool to get a summary quickly and effectively. Even though you are writing a summary, you should still provide some sort of bibliographic information. If your summary is too long, cut out words rather than ideas. Example According to Mary Johnson in her essay, Cats Make Good Pets, the feline domestic companion is far superior to the canine one. A summary must be coherent It should make sense as a piece of writing in its own right it should not merely be taken directly from your list of notes or sound like a disjointed collection of points.

Underline, highlight, or rewrite the main argument of the research in the margins.


If a text is organized in a linear fashion, you may be able to write a summary simply by paraphrasing the major points from the beginning of the text to the end. So you should occasionally use phrases like the author argues, or the article claims when you re presenting those arguments.

Write clearly about complex topics was last modified 2016-04-08T10 20 by Michelle Guillemard 4-week online course. This reminds the reader that it s not your piece, but someone else s. This person should be able to understand the main text based on your summary alone.

Afterwards, go back, if the article will be used, to understand those topics better so that if you had to explain it to someone, you could without a problem. Become a freelance health writer was last modified 2015-03-24T1 20 by Michelle Guillemard 6-week online course. Using these questions to examine what you are reading can help you to write the summary. Writing Summaries Writing Summaries English 127 Research Writing Writing a summary is not as easy as you might think if you haven t had experience. A spot quotation is a word, a phrase, or a short sentence that is incorporated into one of your own sentences.

This means you shouldn t copy sentences from the article or story. However, for all types of summary, the writer is responsible for generally stating, in his or her own words, the main information or argument of another writer.


The specific topic that stood out the most for me was about writing. It is preferable to be subjective during summarizing, as you need to draw conclusion from the information provided only by the author s of the article. Think of the thesis of your summary as a caption on a picture. This first scan can also guide you to find the key points for when you read the article a second time. Make sure to include the author and title of the work. I am development studies post-graduate student, and I was too much confused how to summarize an article that I have provided by by professor, so after reading this, I became good in summarizing an article, so it s quite interesting.

Chips are 80 percent air, and each time we bite one we break open the air-packed cells of the chip, making that noise we call crispy. It is important to remember that a summary is not an outline or synopsis of the points that the author makes in the order that the author gives them.


Teaching Paraphrase Skills to Pre-university Students 0 65,763 0 Top 4 Tools Your Students Need to Really Understand What They Read 0 10,983 0 Super Effective Means of Incorporating Reading in a Composition Classroom 0 9,718 0 9 Follow-up Activities for Reading Passages 0 17,160 0 BusyTeacher. The author, remember, developed each idea in his or her supporting details your job is to condense those details into general statements that capture the gist of the author s point. Being able to summarize an article is important, especially when you re in college. If they have been told how to write one, it is usually in nonspecific terms, such as Put the story in your own words. He notes that the statistics from sales and scientific evidence of how Nike shoes are better for the feet support his claim. Treyvon Jones in his article My Favorite Shoe explains.

These qualities are explained below A summary must be comprehensive You should isolate all the important points in the original passage and note them down in a list.


Here is how to do that Read on a paper copy or use a computer program that lets you annotate. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source.


This portion discusses the research tools and methods used during the study. For example, it won t catch that you used there when you meant their. Thank you Author Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States Hi EduIf you assignment is to write about an article, then you usually need to summarize tell the main ideas of the article before you talk about it. Be sure you don t use the same words, phrases, or sentence structure of the original. It means that a batter gets a single, a double, a triple, and a home run in a single game.

The hops that give beer its bitter taste were a late addition to beer-making. If no one sentence tells the main concept, then write a summary of the main point in the margin.


A summary must be concise Eliminate repetitions in your list, even if the author restates the same points.

Remember to base your discussion on specific criteria. A summary must be independent You are not being asked to imitate the author of the text you are writing about.

We talked about how you can grab words and phrases from the title of the article to make your writing easier.


If you need to add or change a word or words to make the quoted passage more readable within your paragraph, use square brackets around your own words, as we did when we added In addition to starch, in Ackerman s second block quotation from Bodanis and Gradually, to Fulford s paragraph. When summarizing a longer article, try to see how the various stages in the explanation or argument are built up in groups of related paragraphs. What do I need to do to write a summary successfully?


I wish I had this 26 years ago, what a difference it would have made. When you feel like you can explain this study to someone else who has yet to read the article, then you are ready to start writing about it. You can also give your essay to a friend or a colleague to read to see if they can grasp the main idea of the source after reading your summary essay. What and When to Summarize Many student writers tend to quote when they should summarize material. Writing a summary and critique of an article can seem like a daunting task because a good review requires both organized and objective critical thinking as well as the contribution of your personal opinion. If you have truly understood the source you are summarizing, you should be able to explain each point from memory.

However, it is required that you have certain level of writing skills, which isn t always easy to achieve.


Condense sentences and leave out unimportant details and examples. Then you copy the quotation, beginning on a new line and indenting the entire quotation 10 spaces or 2. Title Title of the document for web sites this is usually found at the top of the Web page.

In that case, you wouldn t just read what the author wrote.


Note Since you asked, a single citation at the end of the summary will not meet reference requirements for APA or any other citation style. References If you have used other sources in you review you should also include a list of references at the end of the review. The bibliography you write will depend on the style of writing that you re using, but to be on the safe side you should always mention the full title of the article, the author s name, and the date of publication. Details and specifics are what stick in a reader s mind. If students leave their essay to the last minute, they tend to become overwhelmed by the writing task and panic by looking for an alternative.

Edit Your Summary Most of the time, a research summary will end up being too long, and will need further condensing. These are crucial parts of the article and cannot be left out. Author Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States I m so glad I ve helped you Asmaa. The quotation marks are a signal to the reader that these aren t your words a new voice is speaking.


Any words taken directly from a source must be marked as a quotation, and you must give full information about the source. For a busy reader, summaries provide quick overviews of material.


A summary is a long text distilled to its essentials, the key points worth noting, without examples and details. How to Write a Summary Homework Help Questions If I were to write a summary myself, I would first make sure that I have a clear understanding of what the article is about. I was an English major, but have not written formally for a long time. Our paraphrase is roughly the same length as the original passage.


And it will prepare kids for higher level writing down the road. Here are some examples to get you started Most important to least important conclusions you make about the text.

Break it down into its major sections groups of paragraphs focused on a common topic and list the main supporting points for each section. When summarizing, should I be objective, or follow what the author says? In other words, don t necessarily begin your summary with the introduction of the article and end it with the conclusion. If your introductory statement is not a complete sentence, use a comma or no punctuation, whichever is appropriate. A legitimate paraphrase In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Typically I start by answering the question, what is the point of this article? Having said that, the structure would look something like this State the question of the research and explain why it s important. Don t just change a few words around or rearrange them either. Circle or highlight each individual portion of the journal article, focusing on the sub-section titles.

This is the format we will use for our essays, but for a stand-alone summary, include the author s full name and article title as in 5 above. Maddy knew she needed some support with her summary writing assignment she had written summaries for about four weeks, and each time, we worked together on multiple edits.

It simply isn t possible to restate this phrase in three words. You shorten condense the most important idea or ideas in the source material and express them in your own words. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the names of the writers if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers.

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