Strategies for Essay Writing

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Making citations in an essay - Paraphrasing MLA


For instance, if more than one author has the same last name, it is necessary to provide the author s initials or even her or his full name if different authors share initials in your citation.

Overview- Citations- Academic Guides at Walden University search website Search Citations have the same three elements regardless of source author publication year, and page or paragraph number. According to Jones 1998, APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners. Make sure to introduce a quote with some text don t just start a quote without introducing it or the readers won t be oriented. Usually, an in-text citation is a combination of a name usually the author s and a number either a year, a page number, or both. For example Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings 263. The two men had been embroiled in a bitter dispute over certain optical discoveries and the handsome upper-class Newton was likely taking a dig at his lower-class rival s physical deformity. July-August 1997 How to Write a Great Business Plan. In spite of this, large numbers of intelligent people condemn and resent language change Aitchison, 1981, p.


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Although you don t need to use quotation marks when you paraphrase, you absolutely do need to cite the source, either in parentheses or in a footnote. MLA guide APA guide Chicago Turabian guide MLA Essay div class www.

Citing a work by multiple authors For a source with two authors, list the authors last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation Best and Marcus argue that one should read a text for what it says on its surface, rather than looking for some hidden meaning 9. Remember that there is no comma between the names and the page number, and all authors must be listed either in the sentence or in the citation. Better still, if you re unsure about whether or not to cite a source, ask your professor or preceptor for guidance before submitting the paper or report. Example 3a In Metaphors We Live By, the authors suggest that metaphors actually structure our perceptions and understanding Lakoff and Johnson 57. Correct The Swede shouted, You are all out to get me Crane 97.

As you decide on a concentration and begin advanced work in your department, you ll need to learn the particular protocols for your discipline.


Download the Writing Roundabout eBook to understand the challenges involved in planning, drafting, revising, and editing your academic writing.

This is important as you need to show that you have understood the materials that you have studied and that you can use their ideas and findings in your own way.


You should start the quote on a new line, indent it 1 2 of an inch from the left margin, and then type the whole quote using that same margin. Put the period after the parenthetical citation, unless you re using a block quotation. If you do not want to give your point of view about what the writer says.


Citing sources Citing sources Introduction One of the most important aspects of academic writing is making use of the ideas of other people.

Make the citation part of your sentence Place the number directly after the author s name or mention of the work The work of Nelkin and Pollack 6 supports this theory. If you are citing a corporate author, you should state the full name in each in-text reference followed by the publication date.

1 For a source with three or more authors, list only the first author s last name, and replace the additional names with et al.

Among the necessities or were P-38 can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water. Generally the woks cited should include the name of the author, the name of the article used if applicable, the name of the publication, the city of publication, and the year of publication of all the references that you used to write your essay. Further reading More detailed discussion of referencing conventions is to be found in the following publications Berry, R.

Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation 1 2 inch from the new margin. Examples of Proper MLA Citations A book with one author Frye, Northrop. This allows you to show how your contribution fits in, by correcting previous research, filling gaps, adding support or extending current research or thinking.

Full details of how to use this system are provided by the School. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. A citation for a work essay, article, story, poem, etc. You can either paraphrase if you want to keep the length the same or summarise if you want to make the text shorter. jpg, ow 700, pt Best 25 Apa format reference page ideas on Pinterest Apa style. You Should Cite a Source if you quote a source verbatim you paraphrase a passage you summarize a passage you include obscure information you borrow someone else s opinion. Jones 1998 found students often had difficulty using APA style p. Titles Titles should be formatted in either italics or plain text, and the use of capital letters varies.

Do I use quotation marks or italics for the titles? I d forgot everything my teacher taught about citations, and no website I would find also include in text citations. Summaries A summary is a condensed version of another work put into your own words. Miscellaneous non-print sources Werner Herzog s Fitzcarraldo stars Herzog s long-time film partner, Klaus Kinski. The widening of the gap between the rich and the poor during the 1990s U. You can find examples of citation formats here and at. Some gothic novels feature a character who is in the throes of the violence of his feelings and the dark tyranny of despair M. According to the Chicago Manual of Style, ellipses are typically not used at the beginning or end of a quotation see 11. Correct In William Faulkner s short story A Rose for Emily, Miss Emily Grierson is an important figure to the townspeople Alive, Miss Emily had been a tradition, a duty, and a care, a sort of hereditary obligation on the town 237. If the author s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Referencing and bibliographies University of Leicester You are here Referencing and bibliographies For a PDF version of this guide, click This brief study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing. author name, article name, website name, film name.


The author s name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence.

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