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Components of a research article - Format for a quantitative research article


The results section describes the outcomes of the measures of the study. the data collected and the statistical treatment of the data.


The format of your references is often prescribed by the journal you submit your article to. For research generating a lot of, then it is better to include or of the analyzed data and leave the raw data in the appendix, so that a researcher can follow up and check your calculations. or We investigated three possible mechanisms to explain the. For sources with three or more authors, once you have listed all the authors names, you may write et al.


The results section of the sample paper has two subsections and two tables. You are free to copy, share and adapt any text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link reference to this page. General intent The purpose of a results section is to present and illustrate your findings.

Did you administer a questionnaire or interview people? The Narrative Flow Issues to keep in mind that will help the narrative flow in your introduction Your introduction should clearly identify the subject area of interest. If your investigation will contribute to a portion of a larger investigation, describe that larger investigation as well.

Note that you should not include any references in the abstract. References labeled, centered, not bold Provide an alphabetical listing of the references alphabetize by last name of first author. computer and 75-inch monitor with group seating. For instance, the researcher might hypothesize that a particular method of computer instruction in math will improve the ability of elementary school students in a specific district.


Additional analyses may be described if initial results suggested a new direction.


It can be quite difficult to find a good balance between the and the section, because some findings, especially in a or, will fall into a grey area. His presentation emphasized the importance of brevity and clarity in the writing of manuscripts describing biomedical research. General intent This should be the easiest section to write, but many students misunderstand the purpose.

Literary null a no difference form in terms of theoretical constructs. Procedure labeled, flush left, bold What did participants do, and in what order? It helps interested readers to quickly find the section they are looking for and as it is universally determined by the APA guidelines, it is easy to memorize since you will always have to follow the same structure. The results section contains the data collected during experimention. One Response TONG SERA BAROBA on January 30, 2017 at 2 04 am I ALSO GAVE UP ON MY COURSE AND SUBJECT DUE TO NOT KNOWING WHAT TO DO. Read REFLECTION Which one of all of the concerns related to research ethics is the most important to remember? Here, we ll describe the basic components involved in a causal study. Now use to allow you to clarify your understanding of ethical concerns in research.

Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. The literature review develops broad ideas of what is already known in a field, and what questions are still unanswered.

The person who did the work and wrote the paper is generally listed as the first author of a research paper.


For example, the study may focus on children in only one grade level or measure aptitude using only a group intelligence test. The of a good abstract and title and the creation of appropriate key words were discussed.

If the journal has different requirements, you should adhere to those. If a research problem requires a substantial exploration of the historical context, do this in the literature review section. REFLECTION In your Reflection Journal, explain why the title is so important to a research proposal. Enables the reader to evaluate the of the methods used in the study and the reliability and validity of the results. Thus, a key component in a causal study concerns how we decide what units e. Ask your mentor s permission before including his her name as co-author.

In Jagadeesh G, Murthy S, Gupta YK, Prakash A, editors.

The literature review develops broad ideas of what is already known in a field, and what questions are still unanswered. Each infant received one heel stick with GHT intervention and one heel stick without GHT. REFLECTION Think back to the purposes for research conclusions and findings basic, practical, and applied.

In the latter case, your exclusionary decisions should be based upon criteria understood as, not interesting not directly relevant too problematic because.


Main sections of your research paper Whereas a literature review summarizes the most important experimental and qualitative studies that have been conducted in a specific are of interest, the experimental report is the most common form, one that you will employ when reporting the results of your own thesis or study. Methods and data There is always some discussion of the methods used to conduct the study being reported. Earning College Credit Did you know We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities.

Why is important that a researcher consider both limitations and delimitations when planning his or her methods? Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sharpling, Gerald. student struggle to find a method s to carry out studies? Conclusions Out of your findings, your conclusions are based. A t-test, for example, is reported in the following format t 18 3. The basic concepts of scientific research and scientific communication. BMJ 1997 315 422 Another aid to critically reading a paper is to see if it has been included and evaluated in a systematic review. The function of the Results section is to objectively and concisely present key results, without any interpretation that you will do in the Discussion. The previous subsection should naturally lead up to this point. Click on the Custom Courses tab, then click Create course. You are viewing lesson Lesson 11 in chapter 3 of the course 4 53 6 31 5 32 5 18 4 27 6 32 4 30 5 27 6 08 5 20 6 38 Go to The Major Sections of a Research Study According to APA Related Study Materials Browse by Courses Create an account to start this course today Try it free for 5 days! Examples of such publications include American Journal of Sociology, Sociological Quarterly, Sociological Methods and Research. This will help focus the introduction on the topic at the appropriate level and ensures that you get to the subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general.

Are both classic and modern sources influencing this work? Identify a research niche by Opposing an existing assumption, and or Revealing a gap in existing research, and or Formulating a research question or problem, and or Continuing a disciplinary tradition. Describe results of control experiments and include observations that are not presented in a formal figure or table, if appropriate. Author information Includes the author names and the institution s where each author was affiliated at the time the research was conducted. Burns Library offers students, scholars, and the general public opportunities to engage with rare books, special collections, and archives. Includes the sample of who was studied and sample size. Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or right off the bat. They are the big vision and are more general in wording. Focus on a rather descriptive information about your results, since its discussion will follow in the next part.

Therefore, the perfect article may go unnoticed because of a poorly written abstract.

Ideally, you should try to give each section its own paragraph, but this will vary given the overall length of the paper. In your Reflection Journal briefly describe two studies that you read about when completing your review of the literature.


It contains prior research studies relevant to the current study.


Try to give dramatic and concrete illustrations of the problem. Raveendran, was distributed to the participants before the session began and was demonstrated live. Topic Journal Articles Primary source Introduction Most of us are familiar with reading recipes for making food such as chocolate chip cookies or lasagna.


All references, however, should be to creditable, and ideally, peer-reviewed sources. Report exact p values to two or three decimal places e.


Self-Directed Learning a process in which individuals take the initiative, with or without the help of others, in diagnosing their learning needs, formulating learning goals, identifying human and material resources for learning, choosing and implementing appropriate learning strategies, and evaluating learning outcomes. There are three types of research questions A descriptive research question seeks to identify and describe some phenomenon. Are the personnel costs reasonable according to the tasks to be performed?

It describes the essence, the main theme of the paper. From this you will know whether you should read on or look elsewhere for your project. PMCID PMC3669572 The critical steps for successful research The research proposal and scientific writing A report on the pre-conference workshop held in conjunction with the 64 th annual conference of the Indian Pharmaceutical Congress-2012 Pharmacology Unit, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Semeling, 08100 Bedong. It is different from a report in that it involves interpretation of events and its influence on the present. This has become one of my most popular posts watched almost 7000 times in the past year and I have received many comments from students professionals that this has been helpful. Introduction literature review Purpose of the study hypothesis problem statement Methodology procedures research design Major findings results analysis discussion Summary conclusion ideas for future studies implications Works cited references Notes Appendices Tables, charts, figures, statistical data throughout the article Literature Review this article was peer-reviewed, but it is a literature review.

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